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The Roman Army In Caerleon King Arthur Parish Records Directories History Index Home

PIGOT'S Directory of Caerleon, 1844

Map
Description of Caerleon
Post Office
Gentry & Clergy
Academies & Schools
Boot & Shoemakers
Butchers
Carpenters & Builders
Dress Makers
Gardeners & Seedsmen
Grocers & Tea Dealers
Maltsters
Nail Makers
Painters, Plasterers &c
Shopkeepers &c.
Stone Masons
Tailors
Taverns & Public Houses
Retailers of Beer
Tin-plate Manufacture
Wheelwrights
Miscellaneous
Coaches
Carriers
Conveyance By Water

CAERLEON

Caerleon is an ancient market-town, in the parish of Llangattock, and hundred of Usk, three miles north from Newport, and 145 west from London, pleasantly seated on the river Usk. This town was once the metropolis of Wales, and for extent, next to London, it was then the third city in Britain, having been an archbishop's see from the first establishment of Christianity in England. In the time of the Romans it was their principal station; and, according to tradition, the renowned King Arthur here kept his court, and instituted that celebrated order of knighthood, styled 'the Order of the Round Table.' The remains of several antiquities are still found around the place - such as a part of the wall that surrounded it, the site of a Roman amphitheatre, and part of a fosse; remains of Roman armour, coins, stone coffins, sepulchral stones, rings, &c. are often dug up here. The walls of Caerleon were built by the Romans with brick and it is affirmed that they were three miles in circumference. There were also three churches, exclusive of the university, and many elegant structures, besides baths. The name of this ancient and interesting city signifies 'the fortress of Lleon upon Usk,' being so designated from Lleon, a British king; and not according to Camden, who says its name is derived from the encampment of a Roman legion having been here.

The suburb still bears the classical appellation of ULTRA PONTEM. Giraldus Cambresis, who, in the fourteenth century, wrote an account of Caerleon, says- "here we still see, both within and without the walls, subterraneous buildings, aqueducts, vaulted caverns, and stoves so excellently contrived as to convey their heat through secret and imperceptible pores." The principal commercial works here are for rolling iron into sheets., and coating them with tin - some of these are very extensive establishments.

The places of worship are, one church, and a chapel each for Baptists and Wesleyan Methodists the Rev. Daniel Jones is the present officiating minister of the church. The living of LIangattock, is a vicarage, in the gift of the prebends of Llandaff. The free school here was founded and endowed, in 1724, by Charles Williams, Esq. for clothing and educating twenty-five boys, and the like number of girls. The other principal charity is an almshouse for aged widows The weekly market is on Thursday, and another is held every alternate Monday, for cattle, sheep, horses, pigs, &c. Fairs, the second Monday in February, May 1st, July 20th, and September 21st. The parish of Llangattock contained, in 1831, 1,362 inhabitants; and by the last census (1841) 1,174.
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POST OFFICE
Esther Howell, Post Mistress.
Letters from LONDON and all parts arrive every morning at half-past ten, and are despatched every afternoon at half-past three.

GENTRY AND CLERGY
Armitage Rev. John, Caerleon
Baker Mrs. Elizabeth, Caerleon
Blewett Regland James, esq. M.P. Llantarnam abbey
Butler John, esq. Caerleon
Cherry Mr. Gerald, (surgeon) Caerleon
Evans Rev. James, Caerleon
Hall Mr. Frederick, Belmont
Illingworth Mr. Abraham, Caerleon
Jenkins John, esq. Caerleon
Jones Rev. Daniel, Caerleon
Jones Edmund, esq. Bullmoor
Lee John, esq. Caerleon
Lewis Mr. James, Caerleon
Powell Rev. William, Lanhanock
M'Carthy Mrs. Ann, Caerleon
Mackworth Sir Digby, bart. Glenusk
Pope Rev. Thomas, Caerleon
Prichard Mrs. Eliza, Caerleon
Rees George, esq. Kemmys
Seamark Mr. Richard, St. Albans
Spratt Mr. Henry, Caerleon
Wall Mr. Thomas, Caerleon
Williams Rev. Chas. Adams, Llyncelyn
Williams John Adams, esq. Penarth
Williams Trevor Adams, esq. Gearth
Williams Wm. A. esq. Langibby castle
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ACADEMIES & SCHOOLS
Day Elizabeth (day)
FREE SCHOOL, Jno. Harries, master
Rogers Charles (day)
Watkins Sarah (ladies' boarding)

BOOT & SHOE MAKERS
Brown John
Davies Richard
Harris John
Hill John
Kelly Thomas
Lewis Thomas
Lewis William
Morgan Jacob
Parker George
Richards Rees
Thomas Edward
Wilmot John

BUTCHERS
Black Thomas
Charles Edward
Church Robert
Kyte William
Olive William

CARPENTERS & BUILDERS
Albert James
Jenkins Edmund
Jones John
Pollard Edmund
Thomas Thomas
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DRESS MAKERS
Baldwin Martha
Daniel Elizabeth
Williams Elizabeth

GARDENERS & SEEDSMEN
Baulch William
Horton Charles

GROCERS & TEA DEALERS
(See also Shopkeepers)
Davies James
Hughes Ann
Jenkins William
Jones Thomas
Mathews Elizbth
Rogers William

MALTSTERS
Cope Matthew
Daniel George
Davies John
Jones William
Rogers William
Smart Isaac
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NAIL MAKERS
Baker Jesse
Davies John
Gould George
Jennings Thomas
Worrall John

PAINTERS, PLASTERERS, TILERS, &c.
Griffiths Edward
Horton John
Hulin William
Jones Thomas
Rickett Henry

SHOPKEEPERS & DEALRS IN GROCERIES & SUNDRIES
Albert John
Baker Caroline
Bennett John
Cooke Benjamin
Harris Joseph
Hillier Robert
Leonard Levi
Morgan Ann
Morgan William
Olive William
Price David
Windmill Joseph
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STONE MASONS
Morgan John
Thomas Henry
Thomas William

TAILORS
Griffiths Benjn.
Morgan Edward
Pearce Edward
Price Thomas
Rogers Thomas

TAVERNS & PUBLIC HOUSES
Bull Inn, Ann Gunter
Hanbury Arms, Ann Gibby
King's Head, John Lloyd
Masons' Arms, Elizabeth Howells
New George, Henry Thomas
New Inn, John Lewis
Red House, James Morgan
Red Lion, John Jones
Ship Inn, Isaac James
While Hart, Philip Davis
White Lion, John Harwood
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RETAILERS OF BEER
Belcher Thomas
Cullum John
Evans Henry
Evans Richard
Howells Elizabeth
Masters George
Masters William
Morgan James
Rickett Thomas
Snell Joseph
Thomas William
Williams Thomas

TIN-PLATE MANUFACTURE
Fothergill Richard & Thomas & Co. Caerleon Forge
Jenkins John and Co. Pontheer Works

WHEELWRIGHTS
Charles James
Smart William
Waters James

MISCELLANEOUS
Brewer Marmaduke, skinner
Cherry Gerald, surgeon
Clarke Peter, hair dresser
Mills Thomas, watch and clock maker
Morgan James, timber merchant
Morgan James, blacksmith
Pollard John, cooper
Powell Esther, saddler
Price James, blacksmith
Rees David, chymist and druggist
Williams John, ironmonger
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COACHES
Calling at the Bull Inn
To LONDON, the Royal Mail (from Swansea) every afternoon at three.
To BIRMINGHAM the Hero (from Swansea) every Monday, Wednesday and Friday morning at half past eight.
To SWANSEA, the Royal Mail (from London) every morning at half-past ten; and the Hero (from Birmingham) every Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday evening at half-past seven. 

CARRIERS
To ABERGAVENNY, Henry Williams' Van, every Monday, Friday and Saturday.
To PONTYPOOL and USK, Thomas Jenkins' Van, daily.

CONVEYANCE BY WATER
To BRISTOL the Caerleon Company's Boat, from the wharf, every Tuesday.

Section of the map of Monmouthshire from Pigot's 1844 directory