Castle is one of the earliest and largest mottes in South Wales,
but is now covered with trees and is hardly visible behind 19th
fort was built on top of the motte, which was probably constructed
after the Norman Conquest. At that time the Lord of Caerleon was
Caradoc ap Gruffydd. He died in 1081 and was succeeded by his
son Owain Wan (Owain the Weak). William the Conqueror assigned
this part of South Wales, centred on Cardiff, to Robert fitz Hamon,
and he divided the area up amongst his nobles, following his defeat
of Jestyn ap Gwrgan, the Prince of Glamorgan.
Book (1086) refers to Turstin fitz Rolf holding the castle from
William de Scohies, but Owain son's Iorwerth regained the castle,
only to lose it to Henry II in 1171 and to regain it two years
In 1175 Howel,
the son of Iorweth, founded Lantarnum Abbey (3 miles away). This
is also known as Caerleon Abbey - this causing much confusion
in more recent times with "The Priory" in Caerleon.
In 1217 William
Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, acquired the Castle and he probably
built a stone keep on top of the mound and the stone wall and
towers around the bailey. Only one tower, now attached to the
Hanbury Arms public house, still survives.
At the end
of the 13th century it was held by the de Clares and enjoyed relative
was probably destroyed during the rebellions of Owain Glyndwr
(1400 - 1405) and according to John Leyland, visiting Caerleon
circa 1536, it was then in ruins. William Coxe in "An Historical
Tour of Monmouthshire" in 1801 has illustrations of a collapsing
tower and other defences. Much of the castle stonework was removed
in the 19th century during building work.
Death of Jestyn ap Owain who held Caerleon. Succeeded by Gruffydd
Death of Caradawg ap Gruffydd, last king of Gwent. Succeeded by
his son Owain Wan (Owain the Weak). King William I visited Wales.
Robert de Chandos obtained Caerleon from Owain Wan. The Castle
Mound at Caerleon probably dates from this time.
The Domesday Book states that Turstin fitz Rolf held Caerleon
Castle for William Scohies.
Death of William I.
Death of Henry I. Morgan and Iorwerth, the sons of Owain Wan seized
Usk and Caerleon Castles.
Death of Morgan. Succeeded by Iorwerth.
Iorwerth dispossessed by Henry II.
Iorwerth regained the Castle.
(Llantarnum Abbey founded by Howel ap Iorwerth).
Howel ap Iorwerth (Sir Howel of Caerleon) already succeeded to
the Lordship of Caerleon.
- - -
- Meredydd ap Howel (resigned the lordship).
Morgan brother of Meredydd held Caerleon.
William Marshall captured Caerleon Castle after a siege. Work
begun on a stone castle.
Death of William Marshall.
Morgan ordered to restore the Castle to Richard Marshall.
attacked and burnt to the ground by Morgan.
received back some of his lands.
Caerleon passed to the de Clares.
Death of Morgan. Succeeded by his brother, Meredydd ap Gruffydd.
Gilbert de Clare dispossessed Meredydd of Caerleon Castle.
Gilbert de Clare (Gilbert the Red) died.
Castle and town of Caerleon delivered to Matilda, wife of the
late Gilbert de Clare.
Hugh le Despenser the Younger gifted the town and Castle.
Despenser executed and his lands seized by the crown.
William Herbert, First Earl of Pembroke, appointed Steward of
the King's Lordship of Usk and Caerleon, and Constable of the
Castles of Usk and Caerleon.
Henry Herbert, Second Earl of Pembroke.
William Herbert, Third Earl of Pembroke.
Philip Herbert, Seventh Earl of Pembroke, died.
Thomas, Viscount Windsor, (son-in-law of Philip Herbert) sold
the lordship of Caerleon to John Burgh. By this time the manorial
rights were greatly eroded.