"Cambria House Journal" is no longer published in
Cambria House. It is published in a little house which was intended
for one family, and in which more than 30 persons are now accommodated.
We are indeed grateful to those kind hearted comrades who received
half the children into their private homes. They have saved
the situation. While there are not yet any Concentration Camps
in this country, there is a great deal of concentration in our
Our last number was produced under great difficulties. It has
been still more difficult to produce this first number of our
second year, but the "Cambria House Journal" will
not die without a struggle.
In this number we are publishing an article by an adult Spanish
Refugee. No one supports our cause more fervently than men like
him and his companions, and we have great pleasure in introducing
him to our readers, in order to make him something of the spirit
of these men who, though vanquished, can never accept defeat.
AIR RAID SHELTERS
people think they have good shelters. How mistaken they are!
They do not know that these shelters would not resist a bomb
falling within 3 metres of them. As shelters go, there are not
many that are of much use. In Barcelona, not long ago, there
were cases in which a bomb went right through six concrete floors,
reinforced with rafters. Tunnels are, I believe strong, and
they would resist any bombs that might be thrown on them, but
they have the disadvantage of being unhealthy.
During a bombardment, I think the best thing one can do is to
go out in the fields, and lie down in a ditch. In Barcelona,
they made ditches 2 metres deep and very narrow, in the form
of a series of S's, so that if a bomb fell inside the ditch
it would not cause many casualties.
In England the precautions taken are chiefly against gas. I
think this is absurd, because do more harm than gas. That is
why, in Spain, they used only explosive bombs, because bombs
spread what Fascism wants to spread, - DEATH and DESTRUCTION.
What a sad
thing! In a few weeks, an expedition will leave for Spain. I
am included in the list, and so are many of my companions. So
we are very sad to think of the parting, as we shall be leaving
behind us a part of the big family that we have formed. From
one point of view we are glad to go, as we shall be reunited
with our own heart-broken parents and relatives, but from another
standpoint we are sorry to go, because we are not going to the
Spain that we were hoping for a year ago. At the same time,
we are sorry to leave these good comrades who have done so much
to help us during the past two years and four months.
A few months ago, I had no idea of going back to Spain, as I
wrote an article in which I said: "As my parents are refugees
in France . . .", but the world suffers so many changes!
My poor mother could no longer endure the life she was leading,
and as she needed our help and our affection, she has gone back
to Spain, and she is claiming us from there. For my part, I
am pleased to be able to return to my dear mother who has suffered
so much during the war that has brought us so may cruel disappointments.
While I am writing these few lines, I want to take this opportunity
of thanking the workers of England and Wales who have helped
us to live for two years and four months in this country, far
away from our loved ones.
First of all, I want to thank the workers of Britain as a whole,
for it was they that offered to take 4,000 children away from
invaded Spain, - the children who will be men and women of tomorrow,
and who were suffering from the horrible bombardments and from
Secondly, and principally, I want to thank the Welsh miners,
and other workers of Wales who have helped us while we were
living in Cambria House, in Vale View, and latterly in 18 Cross
Street, Caerleon. Thanks to them, we have spent two happy years
which we shall never forget.
Thank you very much, comrades.