Cambria House Journal

Volume 2 Number 1, November 1939


EDITORIAL
(By a teacher)


"Cambria House Journal" is no longer published in Cambria House. It is published in a little house which was intended for one family, and in which more than 30 persons are now accommodated. We are indeed grateful to those kind hearted comrades who received half the children into their private homes. They have saved the situation. While there are not yet any Concentration Camps in this country, there is a great deal of concentration in our camp.

Our last number was produced under great difficulties. It has been still more difficult to produce this first number of our second year, but the "Cambria House Journal" will not die without a struggle.

In this number we are publishing an article by an adult Spanish Refugee. No one supports our cause more fervently than men like him and his companions, and we have great pleasure in introducing him to our readers, in order to make him something of the spirit of these men who, though vanquished, can never accept defeat.


AIR RAID SHELTERS

Some English people think they have good shelters. How mistaken they are! They do not know that these shelters would not resist a bomb falling within 3 metres of them. As shelters go, there are not many that are of much use. In Barcelona, not long ago, there were cases in which a bomb went right through six concrete floors, reinforced with rafters. Tunnels are, I believe strong, and they would resist any bombs that might be thrown on them, but they have the disadvantage of being unhealthy.

During a bombardment, I think the best thing one can do is to go out in the fields, and lie down in a ditch. In Barcelona, they made ditches 2 metres deep and very narrow, in the form of a series of S's, so that if a bomb fell inside the ditch it would not cause many casualties.

In England the precautions taken are chiefly against gas. I think this is absurd, because do more harm than gas. That is why, in Spain, they used only explosive bombs, because bombs spread what Fascism wants to spread, - DEATH and DESTRUCTION.

REPATRIATION

What a sad thing! In a few weeks, an expedition will leave for Spain. I am included in the list, and so are many of my companions. So we are very sad to think of the parting, as we shall be leaving behind us a part of the big family that we have formed. From one point of view we are glad to go, as we shall be reunited with our own heart-broken parents and relatives, but from another standpoint we are sorry to go, because we are not going to the Spain that we were hoping for a year ago. At the same time, we are sorry to leave these good comrades who have done so much to help us during the past two years and four months.

A few months ago, I had no idea of going back to Spain, as I wrote an article in which I said: "As my parents are refugees in France . . .", but the world suffers so many changes! My poor mother could no longer endure the life she was leading, and as she needed our help and our affection, she has gone back to Spain, and she is claiming us from there. For my part, I am pleased to be able to return to my dear mother who has suffered so much during the war that has brought us so may cruel disappointments.

While I am writing these few lines, I want to take this opportunity of thanking the workers of England and Wales who have helped us to live for two years and four months in this country, far away from our loved ones.

First of all, I want to thank the workers of Britain as a whole, for it was they that offered to take 4,000 children away from invaded Spain, - the children who will be men and women of tomorrow, and who were suffering from the horrible bombardments and from hunger.

Secondly, and principally, I want to thank the Welsh miners, and other workers of Wales who have helped us while we were living in Cambria House, in Vale View, and latterly in 18 Cross Street, Caerleon. Thanks to them, we have spent two happy years which we shall never forget.

Thank you very much, comrades.

Salud!

C.J.

 

Cambria House Journal
Extracts:

[ Nov 1938 ]:
"Introduction"

[ Dec 1938 ]:
"The Children At Cambria House Need"  &  "Engagements for December"

[ Jan 1939 ]:
"Aeroplanes"  "An Essay In English"

[ Feb 1939 ]:
"Our Football Match In Cardiff"

[ Mar 1939 ]:
"Our Paper"

[ Apr 1939 ]:
"Our Education In Cambria House"

[ May 1939 ]:
"Correspondence Page"

[ July 1939 ]:
"Two Years In Caerleon"

[ Aug 1939 ]:
"The Last Two Years"  "What Is War? What Is The Use Of It?"

[ Oct 1939 ]:
"Air Raid Precautions"

[ Nov 1939 ]:
"Editorial""Air Raid Shelters"  "Repatriation"

[ Nov 1939 ]:
"A Message To All Our Friends"  from  Jack Williams  (Hon. Secretary)

[ Cambria House Caerleon - Home for the Basque Children 1937 - 39 ]

[ A Selection of Journal Front Covers ]

[ Photographs ]

[ Article from the South Wales Argus ]

Links

www.spanishrefugees-basquechildren.org

www.basquechildren.org




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